Hourly#


Metadata#

original name

hourly

url

here


Datasets#


Temperature_air#


Metadata#

original name

air_temperature

url

here

description file

air_temperature dataset description

description

Historical hourly station observations of 2m air temperature and humidity for Germany


Parameters#


temperature_air_mean_200#

original name

tt_tu

description file

air_temperature dataset description

description

2m air temperature

origin unit

\(°C\)

SI unit

\(K\)

constraints

\(none\)

humidity#

original name

rf_tu

description file

air_temperature dataset description

description

2m relative humidity

origin unit

\(\%\)

SI unit

\(\%\)

constraints

\(\geq{0}, \leq{100}\)


Cloud_type#


Metadata#

original name

air_temperature

url

here

description file

cloud_type dataset description

description

Historical hourly station observations of cloud cover, cloud type and cloud height in up to 4 layers for Germany


Parameters#


cloud_cover_total#

original name

v_n

description file

cloud_type dataset description

description

total cloud cover

origin unit

\(1 / 8\)

SI unit

\(\%\)

constraints

\(\geq{0}, \leq{8}\)

cloud_type_layer1#

original name

v_s1_cs

description file

cloud_type dataset description

description

cloud type of 1. layer

code

cloud type

0

cirrus

1

cirrocumulus

2

cirrostratus

3

altocumulus

4

altostratus

5

nimbostratus

6

stratocumulus

7

stratus

8

cumulus

9

cumulonimbus

-1

automated

origin unit

\(-\)

SI unit

\(-\)

constraints

\(\in [0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, -1]\)

cloud_height_layer1#

original name

v_s1_hhs

description file

cloud_type dataset description

description

height of 1.layer

origin unit

\(m\)

SI unit

\(m\)

constraints

\(\geq{0}\)

cloud_cover_layer1#

original name

v_s1_ns

description file

cloud_type dataset description

description

cloud cover of 1. layer

origin unit

\(1 / 8\)

SI unit

\(\%\)

constraints

\(\geq{0}, \leq{8}\)

cloud_type_layer2#

original name

v_s2_cs

description file

cloud_type dataset description

description

cloud type of 2. layer

code

cloud type

0

cirrus

1

cirrocumulus

2

cirrostratus

3

altocumulus

4

altostratus

5

nimbostratus

6

stratocumulus

7

stratus

8

cumulus

9

cumulonimbus

-1

automated

origin unit

\(-\)

SI unit

\(-\)

constraints

\(\in [0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, -1]\)

cloud_height_layer2#

original name

v_s2_hhs

description file

cloud_type dataset description

description

height of 2.layer

origin unit

\(m\)

SI unit

\(m\)

constraints

\(\geq{0}\)

cloud_cover_layer2#

original name

v_s2_ns

description file

cloud_type dataset description

description

cloud cover of 2. layer

origin unit

\(1 / 8\)

SI unit

\(\%\)

constraints

\(\geq{0}, \leq{8}\)

cloud_type_layer3#

original name

v_s3_cs

description file

cloud_type dataset description

description

cloud type of 3. layer

code

cloud type

0

cirrus

1

cirrocumulus

2

cirrostratus

3

altocumulus

4

altostratus

5

nimbostratus

6

stratocumulus

7

stratus

8

cumulus

9

cumulonimbus

-1

automated

origin unit

\(-\)

SI unit

\(-\)

constraints

\(\in [0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, -1]\)

cloud_height_layer3#

original name

v_s3_hhs

description file

cloud_type dataset description

description

height of 3.layer

origin unit

\(m\)

SI unit

\(m\)

constraints

\(\geq{0}\)

cloud_cover_layer3#

original name

v_s3_ns

description file

cloud_type dataset description

description

cloud cover of 3. layer

origin unit

\(1 / 8\)

SI unit

\(\%\)

constraints

\(\geq{0}, \leq{8}\)

cloud_type_layer4#

original name

v_s4_cs

description file

cloud_type dataset description

description

cloud type of 4. layer

code

cloud type

0

cirrus

1

cirrocumulus

2

cirrostratus

3

altocumulus

4

altostratus

5

nimbostratus

6

stratocumulus

7

stratus

8

cumulus

9

cumulonimbus

-1

automated

origin unit

\(-\)

SI unit

\(-\)

constraints

\(\in [0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, -1]\)

cloud_height_layer4#

original name

v_s4_hhs

description file

cloud_type dataset description

description

height of 4.layer

origin unit

\(m\)

SI unit

\(m\)

constraints

\(\geq{0}\)

cloud_cover_layer4#

original name

v_s4_ns

description file

cloud_type dataset description

description

cloud cover of 4. layer

origin unit

\(1 / 8\)

SI unit

\(\%\)

constraints

\(\geq{0}, \leq{8}\)


Cloudiness#


Metadata#

original name

cloudiness

url

here

description file

cloudiness dataset description

description

Historical hourly station observations of cloudiness for Germany


Parameters#


cloud_cover_total_indicator#

original name

v_n_i

description file

cloudiness dataset description

description

index how measurement is taken

code

meaning

P

human person

I

instrument

origin unit

\(-\)

SI unit

\(-\)

constraints

\(\in [P, I]\)

cloud_cover_total#

original name

v_n

description file

cloudiness dataset description

description

total cloud cover

origin unit

\(1 / 8\)

SI unit

\(\%\)

constraints

\(\in [0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, -1]\), -1: not determined


Dew_point#


Metadata#

original name

dew_point

url

here

description file

dew_point dataset description

description

Historical hourly station observations of air and dew point temperature 2 m above ground in °C for Germany


Parameters#


temperature_air_mean_200#

original name

tt

description file

dew_point dataset description

description

air temperature

origin unit

\(°C\)

SI unit

\(K\)

constraints

none

temperature_dew_point_mean_200#

original name

td

description file

dew_point dataset description

description

dew point temperature

origin unit

\(°C\)

SI unit

\(K\)

constraints

none


Wind_extreme#


Metadata#

original name

extreme_wind

url

here

description file

missing, simple descriptions within DWD parameter listing

description

Historical hourly station observations of maximum wind speed in 10m height for Germany


Parameters#


wind_gust_max#

original name

fx_911

description file

missing, taken from DWD parameter listing

description

maximum wind speed in 10m height

origin unit

\(m / s\)

SI unit

\(m / s\)

constraints

\(\geq{0}\)


Moisture#


Metadata#

original name

moisture

url

here

description file

missing, simple descriptions within DWD parameter listing

description

Historical hourly station observations of humidity, absolute humidity, vapor pressure, air pressure, wet temperature, air temperature and dew point temperature for Germany


Parameters#


humidity_absolute#

original name

absf_std

description file

missing, taken from DWD parameter listing

description

absolute humidity

origin unit

\(-\)

SI unit

\(-\)

constraints

\(\geq{0}, \leq{100}\)

pressure_vapor#

original name

vp_std

description file

missing, taken from DWD parameter listing

description

vapor pressure

origin unit

\(hPa\)

SI unit

\(Pa\)

constraints

\(\geq{0}\)

temperature_wet_mean_200#

original name

tf_std

description file

missing, taken from DWD parameter listing

description

wet temperature

origin unit

\(°C\)

SI unit

\(K\)

constraints

none

pressure_air_site#

original name

p_std

description file

missing, taken from DWD parameter listing

description

air pressure at site level

origin unit

\(hPa\)

SI unit

\(Pa\)

constraints

\(\geq{0}\)

temperature_air_mean_200#

original name

tt_std

description file

missing, taken from DWD parameter listing

description

air temperature at 2m height

origin unit

\(°C\)

SI unit

\(K\)

constraints

none

humidity#

original name

rf_std

description file

missing, taken from DWD parameter listing

description

humidity

origin unit

\(\%\)

SI unit

\(\%\)

constraints

\(\geq{0}, \leq{100}\)

temperature_dew_point_mean_200#

original name

td_std

description file

missing, taken from DWD parameter listing

description

dew point temperature at 2m height

origin unit

\(°C\)

SI unit

\(K\)

constraints

none


Precipitation#


Metadata#

original name

precipitation

url

here

description file

precipitation dataset description

description

Historical hourly station observations of precipitation for Germany


Parameters#


precipitation_height#

original name

r1

description file

precipitation dataset description

description

hourly precipitation height

origin unit

\(mm\)

SI unit

\(m^3 / m^2\)

constraints

\(\geq{0}\)

precipitation_indicator#

original name

rs_ind

description file

precipitation dataset description

description

precipitation index

code

meaning

0

no precipitation

1

precipitation has fallen

origin unit

\(mm\)

SI unit

\(m^3 / m^2\)

constraints

\(\in [0, 1]\)

precipitation_form#

original name

wrtr

description file

precipitation dataset description

description

form of precipitation

code

meaning

0

no fallen precipitation or too little deposition (e.g., dew or frost) to form a precipitation height larger than 0.0, for automatic stations this corresponds to WMO code 10

1

precipitation height only due to deposition (dew or frost) or if it cannot decided how large the part from deposition is

2

precipitation height only due to liquid deposition

3

precipitation height only due to solid precipitation

6

precipitation height due to fallen liquid precipitation, may also include deposition of any kind, or automatic stations this corresponds to WMO code 11

7

precipitation height due to fallen solid precipitation, may also include deposition of any kind, for automatic stations this corresponds to WMO code 12

8

fallen precipitation in liquid and solid form, for automatic stations this corresponds to WMO code 13

9

no precipitation measurement, form of precipitation cannot be determined, for automatic stations this corresponds to WMO code 15

origin unit

\(-\)

SI unit

\(-\)

constraints

\(\in [0, 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9]\)


Pressure#


Metadata#

original name

pressure

url

here

description file

pressure dataset description

description

Historical hourly station observations of pressure for Germany


Parameters#


pressure_air_sea_level#

original name

p

description file

pressure dataset description

description

mean sea level pressure

origin unit

\(hPa\)

SI unit

\(Pa\)

constraints

\(\geq{0}\)

pressure_air_site#

original name

p0

description file

pressure dataset description

description

mean sea level pressure

origin unit

\(hPa\)

SI unit

\(Pa\)

constraints

\(\geq{0}\)


Temperature_soil#


Metadata#

original name

soil_temperature

url

here

description file

soil_temperature dataset description

description

Historical hourly station observations of soil temperature station data for Germany


Parameters#


temperature_soil_mean_002#

original name

v_te002

description file

soil_temperature dataset description

description

soil temperature in 2 cm depth

origin unit

\(°C\)

SI unit

\(K\)

constraints

none

temperature_soil_mean_005#

original name

v_te005

description file

soil_temperature dataset description

description

soil temperature in 5 cm depth

origin unit

\(°C\)

SI unit

\(K\)

constraints

none

temperature_soil_mean_010#

original name

v_te010

description file

soil_temperature dataset description

description

soil temperature in 10 cm depth

origin unit

\(°C\)

SI unit

\(K\)

constraints

none

temperature_soil_mean_020#

original name

v_te020

description file

soil_temperature dataset description

description

soil temperature in 20 cm depth

origin unit

\(°C\)

SI unit

\(K\)

constraints

none

temperature_soil_mean_050#

original name

v_te050

description file

soil_temperature dataset description

description

soil temperature in 50 cm depth

origin unit

\(°C\)

SI unit

\(K\)

constraints

none

temperature_soil_mean_100#

original name

v_te100

description file

soil_temperature dataset description

description

soil temperature in 100 cm depth

origin unit

\(°C\)

SI unit

\(K\)

constraints

none


Solar#


Metadata#

original name

solar

url

here

description file

solar dataset description

description

Hourly station observations of solar incoming (total/diffuse) and longwave downward radiation for Germany


Parameters#


radiation_sky_long_wave#

original name

atmo_lberg

description file

solar dataset description

description

hourly sum of longwave downward radiation

origin unit

\(J / cm^2\)

SI unit

\(J / m^2\)

constraints

\(\geq{0}\)

radiation_sky_short_wave_diffuse#

original name

fd_lberg

description file

solar dataset description

description

hourly sum of diffuse solar radiation

origin unit

\(J / cm^2\)

SI unit

\(J / m^2\)

constraints

\(\geq{0}\)

radiation_global#

original name

fg_lberg

description file

solar dataset description

description

hourly sum of solar incoming radiation

origin unit

\(J / cm^2\)

SI unit

\(J / m^2\)

constraints

\(\geq{0}\)

sunshine_duration#

original name

sd_lberg

description file

solar dataset description

description

hourly sum of sunshine duration

origin unit

\(min\)

SI unit

\(s\)

constraints

\(\geq{0}\)

sun_zenith_angle#

original name

zenit

description file

solar dataset description

description

solar zenith angle at mid of interval

origin unit

\(°\)

SI unit

\(°\)

constraints

\(\geq{0}, \leq{180}\)

Sun#


Metadata#

original name

sun

url

here

description file

sun dataset description

description

Historical hourly station observations of sunshine duration for Germany


Parameters#


sunshine_duration#

original name

sd_so

description file

sun dataset description

description

hourly sunshine duration

origin unit

\(min\)

SI unit

\(s\)

constraints

\(\geq{0}\)


Visibility#


Metadata#

original name

visibility

url

here

description file

visibility dataset description

description

Historical hourly station observations of visibility for Germany


Parameters#


visibility_range_indicator#

original name

v_vv_i

description file

visibility dataset description

description

index how measurement is taken

code

meaning

P

by human person

I

by instrument

origin unit

\(-\)

SI unit

\(-\)

constraints

\(\in [P, I]\)

visibility_range#

original name

v_vv

description file

visibility dataset description

description

visibility

origin unit

\(m\)

SI unit

\(m\)

constraints

\(\geq{0}\)


Weather_phenomena#


Metadata#

original name

weather_phenomena

url

here

description file

missing, simple descriptions within DWD parameter listing

description

Historical hourly weather phenomena at stations in Germany


Parameters#


weather#

original name

ww

description file

missing, taken from DWD parameter listing

description

weather code of current condition, see weather codes and descriptions

origin unit

\(-\)

SI unit

\(-\)

constraints

none

weather_text#

original name

ww_text

description file

missing, taken from DWD parameter listing

description

weather text of current condition, see weather codes and descriptions

origin unit

\(-\)

SI unit

\(-\)

constraints

none


Wind#


Metadata#

original name

wind

url

here

description file

wind dataset description

description

Historical hourly station observations of wind speed and wind direction for Germany


Parameters#


wind_speed#

original name

f

description file

wind dataset description

description

mean wind speed

origin unit

\(m / s\)

SI unit

\(m / s\)

constraints

\(\geq{0}\)

wind_direction#

original name

d

description file

wind dataset description

description

mean wind direction

origin unit

\(°\)

SI unit

\(°\)

constraints

\(\geq{0}, \leq{360}\)


Wind_synoptic#


Metadata#

original name

wind_synop

url

here

description file

wind_synoptic dataset description

description

Historical hourly station observations of windspeed and -direction in m/s for Germany


Parameters#


wind_speed#

original name

ff

description file

wind_synoptic dataset description

description

mean wind speed

origin unit

\(m / s\)

SI unit

\(m / s\)

constraints

\(\geq{0}\)

wind_direction#

original name

dd

description file

wind_synoptic dataset description

description

mean wind direction

origin unit

\(°\)

SI unit

\(°\)

constraints

\(\geq{0}, \leq{360}\)


Note

The following urban datasets are located at the climate_urban directory instead of the climate directory.


Urban_temperature_air#


Metadata#

original name

air_temperature (climate_urban)

url

here

description file

urban_temperature_air dataset description

description

Recent hourly air temperature and humidity, observed at urban stations for selected urban areas in Germany


Parameters#


temperature_air_mean_200#

original name

lufttemperatur

description file

urban_temperature_air dataset description

description

2m air temperature

origin unit

\(°C\)

SI unit

\(K\)

constraints

none

humidity#

original name

rel_feuchte

description file

urban_temperature_air dataset description

description

2m relative humidity

origin unit

\(\%\)

SI unit

\(\%\)

constraints

\(\geq{0}, \leq{100}\)


Urban_precipitation#


Metadata#

original name

precipitation (climate_urban)

url

here

description file

urban_precipitation dataset description

description

Recent hourly precipitation, observed at urban stations for selected urban areas in Germany


Parameters#


precipitation_height#

original name

niederschlagshoehe

description file

urban_precipitation dataset description

description

precipitation height

origin unit

\(mm\)

SI unit

\(m^3 / m^2\)

constraints

\(\geq{0}\)


Urban_pressure#


Metadata#

original name

pressure (climate_urban)

url

here

description file

urban_pressure dataset description

description

Recent hourly pressure, observed at urban stations for selected urban areas in Germany


Parameters#


pressure_air_site#

original name

luftdruck_stationshoehe

description file

urban_pressure dataset description

description

pressure at station height

origin unit

\(hPa\)

SI unit

\(Pa\)

constraints

\(\geq{0}\)


Urban_temperature_soil#


Metadata#

original name

soil_temperature (climate_urban)

url

here

description file

urban_temperature_soil dataset description

description

Recent hourly soil temperature, observed at urban stations for selected urban areas in Germany


Parameters#


temperature_soil_mean_005#

original name

erdbt_005

description file

urban_temperature_soil dataset description

description

soil temperature in 5 cm depth

origin unit

\(°C\)

SI unit

\(K\)

constraints

none

temperature_soil_mean_010#

original name

erdbt_010

description file

urban_temperature_soil dataset description

description

soil temperature in 10 cm depth

origin unit

\(°C\)

SI unit

\(K\)

constraints

none

temperature_soil_mean_020#

original name

erdbt_020

description file

urban_temperature_soil dataset description

description

soil temperature in 20 cm depth

origin unit

\(°C\)

SI unit

\(K\)

constraints

none

temperature_soil_mean_050#

original name

erdbt_050

description file

urban_temperature_soil dataset description

description

soil temperature in 50 cm depth

origin unit

\(°C\)

SI unit

\(K\)

constraints

none

temperature_soil_mean_100#

original name

erdbt_100

description file

urban_temperature_soil dataset description

description

soil temperature in 100 cm depth

origin unit

\(°C\)

SI unit

\(K\)

constraints

none


Urban_sun#


Metadata#

original name

sun (climate_urban)

url

here

description file

urban_sun dataset description

description

Recent hourly sunshine duration, observed at urban stations for selected urban areas in Germany


Parameters#


sunshine_duration#

original name

sonnenscheindauer

description file

urban_sun dataset description

description

sunshine duration

origin unit

\(min\)

SI unit

\(s\)

constraints

\(\geq{0}\)


Urban_wind#


Metadata#

original name

wind (climate_urban)

url

here

description file

urban_wind dataset description

description

Recent hourly wind speed and direction, observed at urban stations for selected urban areas in Germany


Parameters#


wind_speed#

original name

windgeschwindigkeit

description file

urban_wind dataset description

description

mean windspeed at 368m height

origin unit

\(m / s\)

SI unit

\(m / s\)

constraints

\(\geq{0}\)

wind_direction#

original name

windrichtung

description file

urban_wind dataset description

description

mean wind direction at 368m height

origin unit

\(°\)

SI unit

\(°\)

constraints

\(\geq{0}, \leq{360}\)